Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder affecting 1 in 5,000 male births in the US. Approximately 400 babies are born with hemophilia each year in the United States. Today, approximately 400,000 people worldwide are living with hemophilia and about 20,000 of these individuals are living in the United States. All races and economic groups are affected equally by the condition. People with hemophilia do not bleed any faster than normal, but they can bleed for a longer time because their blood does not have enough clotting factor. Clotting factor is a protein in blood that controls bleeding.
Types of Hemophilia
Bleeding disorders are treated differently depending on what protein is missing in the blood. Hemophilia is one of the most common bleeding disorders and is classified as follows:
- Hemophilia A (Classic Hemophilia) – Occurs when factor VIII levels are deficient. It is four times more common than Hemophilia B.
- Hemophilia B (Christmas Disease) – Occurs when factor IX levels are deficient.
- Hemophilia C – Occurs when factor XI levels are deficient
- Acquired Hemophilia – A person can develop hemophilia as a result of illness, medications or pregnancy. Acquired Hemophilia is extremely rare and usually resolves itself with proper diagnosis and treatment.
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Approximately 400 babies are born with hemophilia each year in the United States.